The week preceding a very important test such as a race represents a real moment of "finishing", because it has a considerable impact on performance.
The athlete should first of all ensure adequate rest, in body and mind, and arrive at the race with the right amount of energy and preparation.
In itself this phase does not require major upheavals, indeed, except for some particular situations, both from a physical and nutritional point of view it is important not to overdo it and to maintain a certain balance.
To obtain a good result without a negative impact on performance, exercises that the athlete masters perfectly and with which he has had positive experiences should be preferred, provided, of course, that they correspond to the profile of the competition. So, in essence, in the week of unloading, short and not very intense workouts are planned, some shots, without exaggerating.
From a food point of view, it is incorrect to think of having to increase calories and the daily share of carbohydrates in order to have greater stocks, indeed, an excessive share of the latter is stored as fat. Instead, it is good to follow a complete and balanced diet, without excesses, which obviously guarantees adequate and valuable glycogen stores for the race, and which does not weigh down the athlete too much. In a first phase it is even recommended with a lower caloric intake, with more space for proteins than carbohydrates.